IT snapshot: Ethnic diversity in the tech industry
As Black Lives Matter marches take place across the world, where do the U.S., U.K. and other major Western countries stand in their IT diversity?
With growing attention on the need to achieve proportional representation and equal treatment of minorities in the business world, Computerworld decided to provide a snapshot of where a few major Western countries stand in terms of their ethnic diversity in IT.
As expected, several minority groups remain significantly underrepresented, despite decades of efforts by governments, industry associations, and tech industry themselves to achieve more equal representation.
But the patterns differ across countries.[ Lessons on diversity in IT: Being Black in IT: 3 tech leaders share their stories • 10 professional organizations focused on diversity in tech • Gender gapped: The state of gender diversity in IT • Māori participation in IT: diversity insights for CIOs everywhere ]
(Note: The definition of “Black” here includes native-born people of African ancestry as well as immigrants from Africa and the Caribbean. The definition of “Hispanic/Latinx” reflects people of any race whose ancestry is from Latin America, which typically offers a mix of indigenous and European groups. The definition of “white” refers to people of European ancestry, excluding Caucasians from outside Europe, such as in the Levant and central Asia.)
The charts below cover the entire tech sector in the U.S. and U.K., the two countries with granular census data on ethnic participation in IT. Various reports indicate that the higher you aim on a tech career path, the less likely someone who’s Black or Hispanic/Latinx is to get there. Managerial ranks are highly disproportionately white and Asian in Silicon Valley tech firms, and various reports suggest the same is true throughout the IT sector, with variances based on industry.
U.S. diversity stats for tech
|Ethnicity||U.S. population||U.S. tech industry proportion|
U.K. diversity stats for tech
|Ethnicity||England and Wales population||U.K. tech industry proportion|
New Zealand diversity stats for tech
|Ethnicity||New Zealand population||N.Z. information media and telecommunications industry proportion|
The challenge of ethnic diversity elsewhere in the world
For starters, data is lacking in many places, making comparisons difficult. Although IT ethnic-diversity data is available for the U.S. and U.K., ethnic-diversity data for most Western countries is spotty, even in one nation (Canada) with relatively large minority populations. In several countries, significant attention has been paid to tracking female engagement in the tech sector to encourage greater equality between women and men in IT. But much less attention has been paid to ethnic diversity.IT INSIGHTSThe benefits of diversity in IT
In English-speaking countries where tech-sector data is unavailable, the national census agencies report the following population breakdowns:
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- In Australia, the indigenous Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders populations make up about 3% of the population, Asians about 11%.
- In Canada, the indigenous First Nations peoples make up about 4% of the population, Asians about 12%, and Blacks about 3%.
Ethnicity data is not formally collected in France. That follows from a post-World War II desire to avoid a repeat of the deportation of Jews to concentration camps; the deportations relied on French government records that included such information and were used by the occupying Nazis and French collaborators. Today, ethnic and religious data collection remains taboo, though rationales have shifted.
As a result, inequalities are often hidden. Estimates from 2004 by the private think tank Institut Montaigne suggest France’s ethnic makeup is about 10% North African, 4% Black, and 2% Asian.
In most other European countries, the populations are very white, and there’s little formal attention paid to ethnic makeup in industry sectors, including tech. The Roma, a Caucasian people who have lived in Europe for centuries but have historically been marginalized and oppressed, form a large minority bloc. Mainly in Eastern Europe, they constitute anywhere from 4 million to 10 million people, or 1% to 3% of Europe’s population.
Key European countries with notable non-European ethnic groups (based on census data) include:
- Germany, with a population that is about 5% Middle Eastern and about 3% Asian
- Netherlands, which is about 3% Middle Eastern (mainly Turks, Iraqis, and Kurds), 2% Surinamese (from its former colony in South America), and about 2% North African populations
- Sweden, which is about 3% Middle Eastern and 1% African
- Austria, which is about 2% Turkish
- Italy, which is about 1% North African and about 1% Asian
- Spain, which has about 1% North African population